Lymphedema Treatment

Individualized care to decrease lymphedema symptoms

Saco Bay Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy team members are specially trained in the treatment of lymphedema/edema. Lymphedema is the abnormal accumulation of protein-rich fluid which causes swelling, most often affecting the arms or legs. 

Causes of lymphedema

Lymphedema develops when lymphatic vessels are damaged, lymph nodes are surgically removed (often due to cancer treatment) or lymphatic vessels are impaired or missing. 

Although there is no cure for lymphedema, physical and occupational therapy can dramatically decrease its symptoms so you can resume your everyday activities.

Therapist's hands on a patient's upper arm.

Signs and symptoms of lymphedema

  • Increased limb swelling
  • Restricted range of motion
  • Limb heaviness
  • Risk of infection (cellulitis)
  • Joint pain
  • Skin changes and tightness
  • Reduction in lymphatic and vascular circulation 

What to expect

At your first visit, your therapist will discuss your medical history, measure your affected and unaffected limb(s) and answer questions. He or she will listen to your concerns and needs and, with your goals in mind, develop a care plan that may include: 

  • Hands-on treatment including manual lymphatic drainage to initiate movement of lymph fluid
  • Short stretch bandaging
  • Compression garment education
  • Education on proper skin care and protection of the affected area
  • Independence in managing your condition
  • Exercise programs to help increase muscle strength and improve lymph flow

During ongoing appointments, your therapist will adjust treatment as needed to help treat your pain and lessen your lymphedema symptoms.

Get Help Treating Your Pain, Swelling and Other Symptoms